Two words, whole and chopped, help one to remember the difference between long- and short-filler. Long-filler, known as tripa in Spanish, consists of whole tobacco leaves that run the length of a cigar. Most premium, handmade cigars use nothing but long-filler. Whereas short-filler, also known as picadura, or chop, is the main tobacco type used in machine-made cigars.
Short-filler is chopped up scraps of tobacco leaf that tend to burn quicker and hotter than its long counterpart. Some cigars, known as mixed-fill cigars or Cuban sandwiches, use a blend of short- and long-filler tobacco.